Coronavirus and travel: latest FCDO, holiday and cruise advice
The coronavirus pandemic has caused flights to be grounded, travel plans cancelled and bans and restrictions imposed on travellers entering nearly all countries worldwide. Cruise lines have suspended sailings too. Here we take a no-nonsense approach to what the virus means right now.
As of Monday 17 May, you are permitted to travel from another part of the Common Travel Area (the UK, the Republic of Ireland, Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man). You may enter England and are not required to quarantine on arrival.
All types of accommodation, including hotels and campsite facilities can now legally open.
Travel to Scotland and Wales is permitted but restrictions remain in Northern Ireland and there are strict entry requirements for the Republic of Ireland.
Restrictions have lifted and you can travel to green list countries, but you must not travel to places on the red or ambers lists (see below)
Leon Neal/Getty Images
Red, amber & green lists
If you’ve been to a country on the green list, on return to England you do not need to quarantine. However you must:
2) book and pay for a day two COVID-19 test – to be taken on or before day two after your arrival in England. The government has an approved list here – pick carefully as tests start at £54.90 but can cost up to £399. Some airlines including TUI, Ryanair, BA and Easyjet are offering cheaper options than this list.
The good news is there are 11 countries on the green list... the bad news is that border closures and entry restrictions would prevent most British passport holders from entering the places listed here:
- Anguilla (from 30 June)
- Antarctica (from 30 June)
- Antigua and Barbuda (from 30 June)
- Balearic Islands (from 30 June; but not mainland Spain or the Canary Islands)
- Barbados (from 30 June)
- British Indian Ocean Territory (from 30 June)
- British Virgin Islands (from 30 June)
- Bermuda (from 30 June)
- Cayman Islands (from 30 June)
- Dominica (from 30 June)
- Falkland Islands
- Faroe Islands
- Grenada (from 30 June)
- Israel and Jerusalem (at risk of moving from green to amber)
- Madeira (from 30 June; but not mainland Portugal or the Azores)
- Malta (from 30 June)
- Montserrat (from 30 June)
- New Zealand
- Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands (from 30 June)
- South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands
- St Helena, (10 days' quarantine on arrival is required) Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
- Turks and Caicos (from 30 June)
The current advice is that you should not travel to these countries unless for essentials reasons such as visiting family, for work or medical care. Tourism is not considered essential.
If you arrive from a country on the ‘amber list’, you are required by law to self-isolate at home for 10 days and pay for and take two PCR tests. You’ll need to take your first test on or before day two of your self-isolation period, and your second test on day eight. This is called the Covid Testing Package.
The full amber list can be found here but it takes in most Caribbean countries including Barbados; Germany; Greece including the islands; Spain including the Balearics and the Canary Islands.
If you have been in a country or territory on the red list in the last 10 days you will only be allowed to enter the UK if you are a British or Irish National, or you have residence rights in the UK. To enter the country you must:
The cost of the Managed Quarantine Hotel Package is £1,750 for the first adult and £650 for an additional adult. Children cost £325. You cannot arrange your own accommodation or testing, it must be via the government's website.
The full red list can be found here, but it includes countries such as Qatar, Maldives, South Africa, Seychelles and Oman. From 30 June it will also include Tunisia, Dominican Republic and Haiti.
FCDO advice by country: A to M
Last updated by Laura Jackson at 00.00 GMT 25/06/2021
Here’s the latest advice listed alphabetically from the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO).
Please note for travel in Europe there is a new EU ‘traffic lights’ approach. A combined indicator map will be published weekly by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). You may also find the Re-open EU website a valuable source of information about the latest entry requirements in Europe too.
The advice you'll find here aims to be an easy summary of the latest measures so please check the wording carefully before you set out.
A to M
- Anguilla: Travellers will need prior approval from the Government’s Health Team. You can apply for approval by completing the online form on the Government’s COVID-19 website. As part of the approval process you must provide evidence of a negative PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test taken three to five days before the planned date of your arrival. Rapid PCR tests and rapid antigen tests will not be accepted. You should not use the NHS testing service to get a test in order to facilitate your travel to another country. You should arrange to take a private test.
- Antigua and Barbuda: A State of Emergency is in place until 30 June 2021, with a number of restrictions including a curfew for visitors from 11pm to 5am daily. If you are travelling to Antigua and Barbuda and aged 12 or over, you must provide evidence of a negative COVID-19 RT-PCR test taken no more than seven days before arrival and this must have been carried out by a medical professional, home tests aren't acceptable. You may also be asked to quarantine for 14 days however those booking with an approved hotel are usually permitted to travel to their hotel, via an authorised taxi, once the screening process is completed. Expect to wait longer than usual on arrival as checks and forms are in place. Do not use the NHS testing service, you must pay for a private test. Passengers arriving by sea also need to provide a negative PCR test taken no more than seven days before their last point of departure.
- Argentina: Indirect commercial flights to return to the UK are available but direct flights are banned. Argentina’s borders are closed to non-resident foreign nationals.
- Australia: Borders are closed; the exception is for Australian nationals, permanent residents or those with an exemption and you would need a compelling reason to apply to enter. Tourism doesn't count as an exemption. All international travellers entering Australia need to undertake a mandatory 14-day quarantine at a designated facility (for example a hotel) at their port of arrival. You may be required to pay for the costs of your quarantine. This is arranged by individual State and Territory governments. There are a limited number of flights from Australia to the UK during May with Qantas. There will be no British Airways flights for the foreseeable future.
- Austria: Entry is prohibited unless in exceptional circumstances such as business and diplomatic travellers. If you're entering for urgent family matters, such as funerals or illness you may be required to provide proof such as a death certificate or hospital letter. Those arriving from the UK in Austria provide a medical certificate proving full vaccination, recovery or a negative molecular test (no more than 72 hours before travel) or an antigen test (no more than 48 hours before travel). The 10-day quarantine is still mandatory. You can take a PCR test or antigen test after five days to release. You must also fill out a pre-clearance form.
- Bahamas: A state of emergency remains in place until further notice. To enter the Bahamas you will need to present a negative COVID-19 test certificate that is less than five days old, as well as apply for a mandatory health visa application for international travel and a health card application for domestic travel. If you can prove you've been vaccinated there is an exemption for testing. Direct flights are now available with BA.
- Barbados: To enter you must fill out a customs form no more than 24 hours before travel. You must arrive with a negative PCR test taken by a certified or accredited laboratory within three days of arrival. On arrival, you will undergo a rapid antigen test. If positive, you will be transferred to the government isolation facility. If negative, you will be required to quarantine at government-approved facilities (a designated holding hotel, approved villa or a government facility at your own expense), and undertake a further test five days after your arrival. You will need to stay in your hotel room and may be required to wear an electronic tracking bracelet until you receive the results of your second test. If this second test is negative you will no longer be subject to quarantine. While test result times aim to be within 48 hours be prepared for delays. There are separate rules for those who are fully vaccinated, please read these carefully.
- Bangladesh: Flights between Bangladesh and the UK are now operating with restrictions so do check with your airline. You should complete Health Declaration Forms and Passenger Locator Forms provided by cabin crew. All foreign nationals aged 10 or over need to produce a medical certificate issued within 72 hours of travel indicating the passenger is COVID-19 negative. Those arriving from the UK are required to complete 14 days of quarantine typically at home but possibly at a government facility or government-approved hotel at their own expense depending on the judgement of health officials on arrival.
- Belgium: British nationals not resident in Belgium or another EU or Schengen country are currently only permitted entry to Belgium for essential reasons. Those travelling will need to carry evidence of their essential reason for travel. Anyone entering Belgium aged six years and over will need to provide a negative PCR test, fill in a passenger locator form and quarantine for 10 days, taking a test on the first and seventh day.
- Bermuda: Visitors and residents must apply for a travel authorisation from the Government of Bermuda before travelling and to have a pre-departure PCR test taken no more than four days before travel. As of 20 June 2021, all travellers who are unimmunised and arrive in Bermuda must quarantine at a designated Quarantine Hotel at their own expense for 14 days. Immunised travellers with a valid negative, pre-arrival Covid-19 PCR test result must quarantine until they receive a negative result from their arrival Covid-19 PCR test. More information here.
- Brazil: Direct flights can arrive in England from Brazil but they must arrive at dedicated terminals at Heathrow and Birmingham airports. However Brazil has temporarily suspended all direct flights from or via the UK. Anyone travelling to Brazil by air needs to present to the airline company at check-in documentary evidence of a negative PCR test for COVID-19 taken within 72 hours of boarding in English, Spanish or Portuguese
- Canada: Only Toronto Pearson (YYZ), Montreal Pierre Elliott Trudeau (YUL), Calgary International Airport (YYC) and Vancouver International Airport (YVR) are operating international flights. Boats and cruise ships carrying more than 100 people will be banned from docking at Canadian ports until 28 February 2022. Entry to Canada is limited, except for temporary foreign workers, most international students, Canadian citizens and permanent residents. If you’re eligible to enter you will need to self-isolate for 14 days after arrival and you must show a negative test result taken 72 hours before you fly. An additional test is taken at the border at and the end of the isolation period too. The border with the USA remains closed until 21 May at least.
- Chile: Non-resident foreign nationals will not be permitted entry, with the 30 June 2021 the earliest reopening date.
- Costa Rica: Costa Rica is now on the Red List - and those entering the UK will need to quarantine on arrival, as outlined above. From 1 August 2020 citizens and residents of Canada, the EU, Schengen Zone, UK and certain other countries can enter Costa Rica. Requirements include the purchase of an insurance product with specific cover and an online form that must be completed ahead of time.
- Croatia: UK nationals are permitted by the Croatian authorities to travel to Croatia for reasons including residence, business, tourism, and those travelling from the EU/EEA. Those travelling under these exemptions must carry evidence of health status (a negative COVID-19 antigen or PCR test result taken up to 48 hours before arrival in Croatia, proof of a vaccination, or a certificate of recovery following a positive test result between 11 and 180 days prior). All travellers should continue to obtain a PCR test and those travelling under the tourism exemption are required to hold a valid accommodation booking or proof of property ownership in Croatia. If you live in England, Croatia will accept the NHS app or your NHS letter to demonstrate your COVID-19 vaccination status (both will be available from 17 May 2021 onwards).
- Cuba: Everyone travelling to Cuba (including children) must have certified proof of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours before travel at an accredited testing centre in the UK or the country you are travelling from. Tourists arriving on holiday charter flights will have a PCR test on arrival and will be transferred to their holiday resort and must isolate until a second test on the fifth day. You must also show proof of travel insurance with COVID-19 cover. If you’re entering Cuba as a tourist, you’ll need to get a tourist card before you travel, check the Cuban Embassy for details.
- Cyprus: The UK entered the Amber category on 29 April. Visitors from ‘Amber’ category countries are required to undergo a PCR test within 72 hours prior to departure and provide proof of a negative result. All permitted travellers must complete a Cyprus Flight Pass before their journey, too. Travellers with proof of two COVID-19 vaccinations completed within a specified timeframe before travel will not be required to take a pre-departure PCR test. For those travelling to the north of Cyprus, if you have been in the UK within 14 days before your travel to Cyprus, you will be required to quarantine for 10 days at authority-designated accommodation.
- Czech Republic: Flights from the UK to the Czech Republic are allowed, but entry is only for passengers who are either Czech citizens, have residency in the Czech Republic, a visa or for an essential reason such as attending a funeral or for medical treatment. A negative RT-PCR or antigen test, taken in the UK no longer than 72 hours before departure, is also required for all those who have spent more than 12 hours during the previous 14 days in the UK. You must self-isolate for at least five days, before undertaking a further RT-PCR test between five to seven days after arrival. Fill in the Passenger Locator Form and present it upon arrival.
- Denmark: You can enter Denmark with a worthy purpose (eg a job or business meeting) if you are resident in the UK. You must present proof of a negative COVID-19 test, taken no more than 48 hours before entry. Children under 12 are exempt. You must also have a test on arrival and you are required to self-isolate for 10 days. There is an option for test to release after four days. There are some exemptions including those delivering goods and services in/out of Denmark. Children under 15 are also exempt from testing and quarantine. Fully vaccinated UK residents can enter Denmark for all purposes, without the need to test or self-isolate. Two weeks must have passed since your second dose and the vaccine must be one approved by the European Medicines Agency.
- Egypt: is now on the Red List and those entering the UK will need to quarantine on arrival, as outlined above. International flights to and from Egypt are now permitted. Temperature checks are in place on arrival and you need to complete a monitoring card on arrival with your details and where you are staying. All persons (including Egyptian nationals) arriving from overseas to any part of Egypt will be required to present a negative PCR test certificate on arrival and it must have been taken no more than 96 hours before departure from London Heathrow, or 72 hours from other airports. If you need assistance there are more details on Twitter and Facebook. Hotels and tourist destinations are open with a reduced capacity. Passengers arriving from countries where C19 variants of concern have been identified may be required to undertake a rapid COVID-19 test (ID NOW) on arrival.
- France: The UK is currently on the French amber list. This means that those who are not fully vaccinated will only be permitted to travel for essential reasons (from the list specified for this category of country). They will need to carry the following documents on arrival: a completed International Travel Certificate to confirm their essential reason for travel. In exceptional circumstances, the French Consulate in London may be able to assist with travel for an essential reason not listed on the International Travel Certificate; a completed ‘sworn statement’ (déclaration sur l’honneur) form self-certifying they are not suffering from symptoms associated with coronavirus and have not been in contact with confirmed cases in the preceding fortnight (found on the French government’s website) a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure, or an antigen test within 48 hours of departure. There will be random antigen testing for unvaccinated arrivals Travellers who are not fully vaccinated will need to self-isolate for seven days after arrival, then take another PCR test following this period of self-isolation. Travellers who are fully vaccinated, will need to have proof of a negative PCR test within 72 hours of departure, or a negative antigen test result within 48 hours of departure. You will not need to justify an essential reason for travel or to self-isolate on arrival.
- Gibraltar: Entry requirements to Gibraltar depend on whether you are fully vaccinated or not, the countries you have visited in the 10 days prior to your arrival, and whether they are on the green, amber or red lists. Full entry requirements are listed here.
- Germany: The UK is now considered a virus variant area of concern and entry into Germany is prohibited unless you are a German citizen, their partner/child under 18 or for a reason such as a family death. If you are able to travel (eg you are a citizen) you will be subject to pre-departure digital registration and 14-day quarantine with no exemptions and no possibility for early test and release. Passengers will need to enter Germany with either a PCR test result that is no more than 72 hours old, or a rapid antigen or other test sample that is no more than 24 hours old
- Greece: UK nationals, resident in the UK, are now able to enter Greece. You must provide either proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test, undertaken within the 72 hour period before arrival into Greece; proof of a negative COVID-19 rapid antigen test from an authorised laboratory, undertaken within the 48 hour period before the scheduled flight; or proof of two COVID-19 vaccinations completed at least 14 days before travel. Travellers with proof of either are exempted from the need to self-isolate on arrival to Greece. Passengers much also complete a Passenger Locator Form (PLF) before 11.59pm the day before travel. There is no requirement to self-isolate on production of a negative test. Those who have been fully vaccinated can prove their vaccination status via the NHS app or by calling 119 and asking for a hard-copy of a letter, but you cannot use the NHS COVID card as proof for entry to Greece. Please note once in Greece there is a curfew between 12.30am and 5am and some restrictions on movement between regions.
- Grenada: Travellers providing proof of full vaccination will only be required to quarantine for up to 48 hours, pending a negative result from a PCR test, administered on entry, and paid in advance. You are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after their second dose of a two-dose vaccine or two weeks after a one-dose vaccine. The Government of Grenada’s entry health protocols mean that all travellers must pre-book approved accommodation for quarantine on arrival, pre-pay for COVID test, apply for a Pure Safe Travel Certificate and obtain a negative COVID PCR test result within three days of travel. Social distancing is in place in Grenada, with six feet required and a curfew from 12am to 4am and a state of emergency is in place until November 2021. There are penalties for breaches of COVID rules. The best source of official information for travel requirements and protocols is here.
- Hong Kong: Travellers arriving in Hong Kong on flights from overseas countries/territories, who are not Hong Kong residents, will be denied entry to Hong Kong. If you're eligible to enter (ie a resident) and been in the UK within the past 21 days, will need to provide a negative nucleic acid test result for COVID-19, taken no more than 72 hours prior to their departure. Travellers will then be subject to 21 days of compulsory quarantine at a designated quarantine hotel on arrival. This can be shortened to 14 days of compulsory quarantine and 7 days of self-monitoring, if the traveller is fully vaccinated against COVID-19.
- Hungary: Flights to Hungary from the UK have resumed however, there are entry restrictions and most UK nationals are unable to enter. Adults are issued with a certificate after their first vaccine dose and only certificate holders may visit leisure facilities such as museums, cinemas and indoor swimming pools and gyms. There are protocals for entry in place for those attending sporting events too.
- Iceland: You can only enter Iceland if you're a resident or can demonstrate you've been fully vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 or are an exempt traveller. If you have had a full course of the COVID-19 vaccine, you will only be required to have a test on arrival and follow quarantine measures until the result is known (usually within 24 hours). Other passengers flying into Iceland must present a negative PCR taken within 72 hours of their time of departure to Iceland. This is followed by two COVID-19 tests, one on arrival and another 5-6 days later, plus quarantining between tests. You must also pre-register your intention to travel here too. The NHS app or an NHS letter is accepted as proof of vaccination. From 1 July, 14 days will need to have passed from your second vaccination to be allowed to enter Iceland.
- India: Flights to India from the UK are suspended and tourist visas are not valid for entry. If you need to travel the most recent guidance and forms can be found here.
- Indonesia: Currently all non-Indonesian travellers will not be allowed to enter. The only exceptions are those with a permanent residence card and holders of diplomatic visas.
- Ireland: All passengers arriving at Irish ports and airports are required to have evidence of a negative/'not detected’ test from a pre-departure Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) COVID-19 test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival in Ireland. Antigen or other test types do not meet the requirement. All passengers must fill out the Passenger Locator form too. All passengers from Great Britain must quarantine at home for 14 days. The period of home quarantine can be shortened following a negative PCR test after five days for fully vaccinated passengers, and 10 days (following a negative PCR test) for unvaccinated, or partially vaccinated passengers. Those travelling from Northern Ireland do not need to quarantine unless they have been abroad during the 14 days prior to arrival in Ireland. You must be able to supply written or electronic proof of your vaccination status.
- Israel: The FCDO advises against all travel to Gaza, the Sheba’a Farms and Ghajjar, within 500m of the border with Lebanon (the ‘Blue Line’) east of Metula, including the northern edge of the town and east of Route 98 along the Syrian border. Israel is on the UK's green list. All travellers arriving from abroad will be required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within the 72 hours prior to departure to Israel. You will need an entry permit and to complete a passenger statement 24 hours before your departure for Israel.
- Italy: Flights from the UK are running but most operators are running a reduced service. If you wish to fly, you must present the airline with a negative COVID-19 rapid antigenic or molecular swab test taken no more than 48 hours before travel. From 21 June to 30 July, on arrival in Italy travellers who have been in the UK in the previous 14 days must self-isolate for five days, at the end of which they must take a rapid antigenic or molecular swab test for COVID-19 and test negative for release. You must download and complete a self-declaration form from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs before travel. This should be presented to your travel provider and Border Police if requested. Everyone arriving in Italy must also call the COVID-19 helpline for the region you are travelling within 48 hours, to inform them of your visit. Please note travellers are required to wear a medical mask on board flights to and from Italy. Masks should be replaced every four hours if it is not possible to maintain social distancing.
- Japan: A State of Emergency is in place in Okinawa prefecture until 11 July. Other prefectures also have restrictions in place. Entry to those who aren't residents is prohibited and the visa waiver is currently unavailable. Those entering Japan, eg residents, from the UK will have to provide written evidence of a negative COVID-19 test result conducted within the 72 hours before their flight departure time. Passengers are requested to spend six days in self-isolation at a government-provided hotel, with further COVID-19 tests on the third and sixth days. If the tests are negative they will be allowed to continue 14 days’ self-isolation at a hotel or their own home. Passengers will need to sign a pledge that asks individuals to refrain from using public transport; install Japan’s COVID-19 tracing app; maintain location data for 14 days via their smartphone mapping application; and agree to disclose location data if requested by the quarantine authority.
- Jamaica: BA and Virgin flights have resumed. Prior to checking in for a flight to Jamaica, you must get authorisation to enter from the Visit Jamaica website. Those aged over 12 must present a negative test taken within 72 hours of your departure day. On exiting the country there is a further testing requirement to be taken three days before departure.
- Jordan: Consult your airline before travelling to Jordan. UK passengers are permitted to fly into Jordan and are no longer subject to quarantine on arrival in Jordan. A negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure is required. You must pay for and register for a PCR test on arrival online via Quest Lab and provide copies of health insurance covering COVID-19. Please note a curfew is in place from 11pm to 6am. However, those who are vaccinated are permitted movement after 11pm if they can present proof of their vaccine status.
- Kenya: All passengers and crew coming to Kenya from the UK, irrespective of their route of travel to Kenya must be in possession of a valid certificate for a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken no more than 96 hours before arrival in Kenya (except children below five years of age) and be verified digitally through the Trusted Travel Initiative. All arriving UK citizens (both resident in Kenya and non-resident), from the UK shall be subject to seven days mandatory quarantine and must take a PCR test four days after arrival. Passengers must submit daily health information, including the results of their day four PCR test, on the Jitenge website/app for 14 consecutive days. If you travel to Kenya you will also need to complete a COVID-19 Travellers Health Surveillance Form.
- Latvia: Entry into Latvia is permitted for essential travel only, defined as for work, studies, transit, medical treatment, funerals, family reunions, returning to your residence, and accompanying a minor. You must complete and submit an electronic form no earlier than 48 hours before entering, more information on the Latvian government’s COVID-19 website. A negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding your flight is required. Asymptomatic travellers arriving in Latvia from a country (or who have been in a country in the previous 14 days) where the cumulative incidence of COVID-19 cases in 100,000 of population over the previous 14 days exceeds 75 are required to self-isolate for 10 days after leaving that country. The self-isolation time can be shortened if the test is repeated on day seven. A full list of those countries is reviewed and published each Friday here. Travellers arriving in Latvia who have been only in the EU, Switzerland or the UK over the previous 14 days prior to arrival are exempt from self-isolation if they have been fully vaccinated. British Airways will be flying to Riga, the capital from the start of July 2021.
- Lebanon: You must present a negative PCR test taken no more than 96 hours before travel to your airline. Currently while the rules state those who have received both vaccine doses are exempt there remains no internationally recognised proof of vaccination, so you must still take a PCR test. Upon arrival you will have to take a second test and then quarantine at a government-approved hotel to await the results for five days/four nights hours at least. You must have pre-booked a hotel before you travel and you can find a list here. Visitors must also have insurance valid for the duration of their stay, which would cover the cost of treatment for COVID-19. Visitors will also be required to download the Covid Leb Track mobile application and present it to the authorities at the time of your PCR test.
- Macao: All travellers who are not residents of Macao, Hong Kong, Taiwan or mainland China will be denied entry and transit via Macao airport remains suspended. Limited routes to and from the country are available to mainland China. If you're eligible to enter you must present a negative test result taken within the last seven days before boarding your flight.
- Malaysia: Entry is banned for all British nationals. To enter Malaysia you will need to seek permission from the local Malaysian Embassy/High Commission or the Immigration Directorate before travelling and would require a 14-day quarantine period.
- Maldives: Direct flights can arrive in England from the Maldives, but they must arrive at dedicated terminals at Heathrow and Birmingham airports. A ban on entry has been lifted but all travellers to the Maldives must fill in a Traveller Health Declaration form 24 hours before departure. All tourists and short-term visitors must present a negative PCR test for COVID-19 on arrival to the Maldives taken no more than 96 hours before departure. A Public Health Emergency is in place until 3 July 2021 and a curfew is in place in the Greater Male area from 4pm to 4am.
- Malta: The UK has been added to Malta’s Amber List meaning non-vaccinated travellers will not need to quarantine if they submit a negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate before boarding flights to Malta. The test should be carried out within the previous 72 hours. Additionally, from 1 June British travellers who can show proof of full vaccination (both doses) received at least 14 days before arriving in the country will no longer have to provide a negative PCR test certificate 72 hours prior to, or on arrival in Malta.
- Mauritius: On 6 March, all international flight arrivals to Mauritius were suspended until further notice with restrictions in place until at least 15 July 2021. Fully vaccinated tourists will be allowed to enter Mauritius from 15 July. Until 30 September, they will have to remain at their holiday resort for 14 days. From 1 October, vaccinated travellers will be allowed entry without restrictions on presentation of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of travel.
- Montenegro: Passengers aged five and over travelling from the UK now require a negative PCR test within 72 hours of travel or negative antigen test within 48 hours of travel to enter Montenegro. Flights from Montenegro are being cancelled at short notice, please confirm your flight before travelling and note there are currently no direct flights.
- Morocco: You will need to provide proof that you have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, with the second dose administered at least two weeks prior to travel, or a negative PCR test result before boarding your flight or ferry to Morocco. You will be asked to present a completed Public Health Passenger form. You can print a copy in advance of travelling.
FCDO advice by country: N to Z
N to Z
- Nigeria: Abuja and Lagos airports reopened to international flights on 5 September. If you're entering the country you will need to have a PCR test within 72 hours of travel and upload the result to the Nigeria International Travel Portal and fill out the online form. You must also pay for and book a repeat test for day seven of your arrival in Nigeria. More information on entry here. Non-Nigerians/non-holders of permanent residence permits who have visited Brazil, India or Turkey in the 14 days before travel to Nigeria will not be permitted to enter from 4 May until further notice.
- Netherlands: Non-EU/EEA nationals and nationals of non-Schengen states, including UK nationals, will not be permitted entry to the Netherlands for non-essential purposes due to EU-wide COVID-19 restrictions. The UK is currently considered a high-risk country. Those who can enter the Netherlands (eg residents and their partners) must be in possession of a negative PCR test result taken no more than 24 hours before departure or a negative PCR test result taken no more than 72 hours before arrival and a negative rapid test result taken no more than 24 hours before departure. You must quarantine for 10-days on arrival although you can take a test and shorten this to five. You must also present a quarantine declaration form.
- New Zealand and the Cook Islands: While transit via New Zealand is now possible, the border is currently closed to almost all arrivals with some exceptions such as citizens, essential health workers and dependent children. A negative test for those who can enter is now compulsory and must be taken in the 72 hours before your departure. Those entering must undergo quarantine or managed isolation in an approved facility for a minimum of 14 days. Arrivals must then test negative for COVID-19 before entering the community. For New Zealand, quarantine-free travel is available on commercial aircraft only, but currently with Australia and the Cook Islands only. Quarantine-free travel between New Zealand and the Cook Islands does not include those travelling from Australia to New Zealand. Check the FCDO advice for the latest.
- Norway: Restrictions remain in place with UK nationals unable to enter unless they meet exemptions such as being a close family member of a Norwegian resident. If you are eligible to enter you must have a PCR test 24 hours before your departure for Norway, complete a form and also quarantine on arrival for 10 days at a hotel, although a negative test after day three may shorten this period.
- Oman: Direct flights can arrive in England from Oman, but they must arrive at dedicated terminals at Heathrow and Birmingham airports. Those who have travelled through or from the UK in the previous 14 days cannot enter Oman. British Citizens with residency can return but you must arrange a visa before travel. Those aged 16 and over must have a PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival, fill out this form before departure, download the Tarassud+ and HMushrif track and trace applications, take another PCR test on arrival (there is a fee for this) and quarantine for seven days at your own expense. If you're aged over 18 you must have proof of a hotel booking for self-isolation (via the app) and insurance for 30 days of COVID treatment to show on arrival. Bookings made directly with hotels aren't being accepted.
- Pakistan: Travellers from the UK are required to present evidence of a negative COVID-19 test taken up to 72 hours before the start of travel. Travellers entering Pakistan must also provide traveller contact information through the PassTrack mobile app or an accessible web-based form. If travelling by air, you will be subject to a Rapid Antigen test on arrival. A negative result means you can quarantine for 10 days, a positive result will involve a transfer to a self-paid facility. Please note: flights to and from Pakistan have been cut so check with your airline before you fly.
- Poland: Flights from the UK to Poland are now permitted. UK nationals, their spouses and children are included in the Polish Border Guards list of those who are exempt from entry restrictions related to COVID-19 currently. However, there is a seven-day quarantine protocol in place and testing after entering Poland and you will need a negative test result to leave quarantine. If you are fully vaccinated with a vaccination approved for use in the EU, and it's been 14 days since your last dose, you are exempt from presenting a test and quarantine, but must show evidence of your COVID-19 vaccination at the border. Children up to the age of 12 are exempt from quarantine if travelling with fully vaccinated adults.
- Portugal: There are no restrictions on travelling to Portugal from England and Scotland, the EU or the USA. You need to complete an online passenger locator card before you arrive in Portugal. All passengers, excluding children up to the age of 12, must show either a Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAAT), including RT-PCR, taken within 72 hours of travel, or an Antigen test that meets the performance standards set out in the EU common list of Rapid Antigen Tests, taken within 24 hours of travel. The rules are slightly different for the Azores where you must complete this form before travel and take a test 72 hours before travel, while for Madeira you'll need this separate questionnaire and a test taken 72 hours before travel. In Portugal you should wear a mask while walking along promenades and before you're seated at cafés and restaurants and before you find a spot while on the beach. There are fines in place for breaches of the regulations. Please note Portuguese immigrational officers are striking from 31 May to 28 June and there may be delays at the border.
- Qatar: British nationals currently outside of Qatar and holding a Qatar residence permit are allowed to enter the country. You must present a PCR test certificate and taken a test no more than 72 hours before entry to Qatar and pre-book a quarantine package. Residents who have completed a full vaccination course with an approved vaccine (Pfizer/BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca or Johnson & Johnson) do not need to quarantine as long as their last administered dose is 14 prior to entry. Many flights are transiting via Qatar still but check with your airline before departure. Expect thermal screening while in transit at Hamad International Airport.
- Russia: Flights to Russia from the UK have resumed. You should check the specific COVID-19 test requirements airlines have in place in advance of your flight. Different airlines have different requirements and may refuse boarding if they are not met.
- Singapore: Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents can enter Singapore without permission, everyone else must seek pre-authorisation from the government. All travellers with recent travel history in the past 21 days to higher risk countries/regions (including the UK) immediately prior to arrival in Singapore, will only be required to complete 14 days of quarantine at home. Passengers will undergo COVID-19 PCR tests on-arrival and on day 14. All travellers to Singapore, from all locations, should continue to check for the latest information on entry restrictions and requirements, which are subject to change. Once you have permission to enter Singapore you must submit an online health declaration in advance of your arrival. Otherwise, it will need to be completed upon entry and may result in delays to immigration clearance. If you're allowed entry you must have medical insurance of at least S$30,000 to cover COVID treatment should you be hospitalised.
- South Africa: Direct flights can arrive in England from South Africa, but they must arrive at dedicated terminals at Heathrow and Birmingham airports. If you need to enter South Africa (eg you are a resident) you will need a PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before departure and you will need a paper copy of the result. Those who can enter would need to fill out an online form here.
- Spain: The Balearic Islands are now on the green list, all other areas of Spain including the Canaries remain amber. Travellers arriving into Spain will not need to test or quarantine from now. All passengers entering Spain will still be required to complete a pre-travel declaration form. The exceptions to the 'no test' rules are: you have travelled to a ‘risk country’ within 14 days prior to arrival in Spain; you are travelling from mainland Spain to the Balearic or Canary Islands; you are staying in tourist accommodation in the Canary Islands; you are travelling overland (by road or rail) from France.
- Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka is now on the UK's Red List which means arrivals must self-isolate as outlined above. UK nationals can enter Sri Lanka, however there is a mandatory 14-day quarantine period and a PCR test is required. You can find out more directly from the Sri Lankan government here. Please note there are restrictions on travel and supermarket opening hours nationwide with separate rules for the Western Province.
- St Lucia: All arrivals to Saint Lucia (five years or older) must obtain a negative COVID-19 PCR test result taken no more than five days before arrival; submit the online Travel Registration form; and must adhere to all safety protocols in place, including wearing a mask in public places. Detailed information on the latest travel COVID-19 protocols for all visitors, plus Frequently Asked Questions for vaccinated travellers can be found at stlucia.org/covid-19. Non-vaccinated travellers will continue to be permitted to stay at up to two certified properties for the first 14 days. Vaccinated visitors now have increased access to all parts of Saint Lucia from the day of arrival without restrictions. To qualify as fully vaccinated, travellers must have had the last dose of a two-dose COVID-19 vaccine or a one-dose vaccine at least two weeks (14 days) prior to travel. Travellers will indicate that they are fully vaccinated when filling out the pre-arrival Travel Authorisation form, and upload proof of vaccination. Visitors must travel with their vaccination card or documentation. If you live in England, Saint Lucia will accept the NHS app or your NHS letter to demonstrate your COVID-19 vaccination status.
- St Kitts and Nevis: A travel advisory is in place. Travellers from the UK are currently not allowed to enter St Kitts and Nevis. Once the advisory has been lifted, all travellers from the UK must have received two doses of COVID vaccine and submit online notification to the St Kitts and Nevis authorities.
- Sweden: There is a ban on entry for UK nationals until 31 May. Residents are exempt however.
- Switzerland: Travellers arriving from the UK are only permitted entry to Switzerland if they hold a Swiss or Liechtenstein residence permit; or a ‘laissez-passer’ issued by the Swiss Embassy in London for certain circumstances. Flights from the UK to Switzerland are limited. If you are able to enter you must produce a test taken within 72 hours of departure for Switzerland and self-isolate for 10 days on arrival. You can reduce the quarantine period to 7 days if you can produce a negative COVID-19 test result (rapid antigen test or PCR) taken from day 7 of your quarantine and have approval from the local cantonal authority.
- Tanzania: All passengers arriving in Tanzania will be required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate taken within 72 hours of arrival. All passengers travelling to Tanzania must complete an online Traveller’s Surveillance Form. This form must be submitted no more than 24 hours before arrival. All passengers will be subjected to enhanced screening for COVID-19 including a mandatory rapid test. The cost for rapid testing is $25 (US) per traveller which must be paid in cash on arrival. The Government of Tanzania is also implementing temperature scanning for all international passengers. You may be required to self-isolate for 14 days.
- Thailand: There are very limited circumstances in which foreign nationals will be admitted to the country but those include international students and those with a work permit who have sought permissions. If you're eligible for entry you must quarantine for 11 nights at a state facility. You must apply for entry to Thailand using this portal. Flights to and from Thailand are more limited than before. Check the UK in Thailand's Facebook page for the latest information in addition to the FCDO's advice. You will need a test if returning to the UK and you can find out more about information on testing facilities in Thailand here.
- Tunisia: Travellers from all countries into Tunisia must take a PCR test less than 72 hours before travel and carry dated evidence of a negative result. You are also required to self-isolate for seven days on arrival in Tunisia. You should isolate at home for 7 days and pay to take a second COVID-19 PCR test, and receive a second negative result, in order to leave isolation. You need to arrive in Tunisia with evidence of a booking for this second COVID-19 PCR test (to be taken from day 5 of your isolation period). You can organise this online. You are advised to confirm your appointment directly with the clinic. From 1 June, you are exempt from these requirements if you can present official evidence that you have tested positive for coronavirus at least six weeks before your departure date, or received all doses of your coronavirus vaccination. This evidence should be from the relevant health authorities or contain a QR code, (see ‘Demonstrating your COVID-19 vaccination status’).
- Turkey: Direct flights can arrive in England from Turkey, but they must arrive at dedicated terminals at Heathrow and Birmingham airports. A negative PCR test taken within the 72 hours prior to arriving in Turkey is now a requirement. This is not required for those passengers transiting Turkey en route to another country. All arrivals except Turkish citizens or residence permit holders, must complete an online form within 72 hours of travel. Note that strict curfews are in place until 1 July, from 10pm to 5am on weekdays and Saturdays and from 10pm Saturday to 5am Monday at weekends, with restrictions on public transport capacity, intercity travel and restaurant and supermarket opening times.
- USA: A travel ban is in place between the US and Europe, although US citizens are exempt. Travel from 26 countries was banned for 30 days from 14 March and extended to include the UK from 16 March 2020 and South Africa from 30 January 2021, and this ban remains in place currently. Additionally, the border between the USA and Canada will remain closed to non-essential traffic/tourists until 21 July, as will the border between the USA and Mexico. Those who can fly to the USA will need to present a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of departure. US citizens are currently unable to visit the European Union. You cannot transit through the USA on an ESTA visa waiver if you have been in the UK, Ireland, Schengen zone, Iran, Brazil, or China within the previous 14 days. Those who can enter (eg citizens and their close family members) must present either a negative pre-departure test result (NAAT or antigen), or documentation of recovery from COVID-19 provided by a licensed health care provider or public health official. It is recommended that you quarantine for at least seven days after arriving in the USA, and to take a COVID-19 test (NAAT or antigen) three to five days after arrival. You can see the latest case numbers by state here.
- UAE (United Arab Emirates including Dubai and Abu Dhabi): Direct flights can arrive in England from the UAE, but they must arrive at dedicated terminals at Heathrow and Birmingham airports. Residents, tourists and visitors travelling from or through the UK and arriving in Dubai must have a negative COVID-19 PCR swab test which was taken no more than 72 hours before departure and present the certificate at check in. Travellers may also need a further COVID-19 PCR test on arrival in Dubai and will have to isolate pending the result. Arrivals from the UK that are travelling to Abu Dhabi will also have to take a test on arrival and will be required to self-isolate for at least four to 10 days depending on their vaccination status. You will be provided with a medically-approved wristband for the duration of your quarantine, after you clear immigration.
- Vietnam: Authorities have introduced visa bans and compulsory quarantine for all non-residents. Those who are eligible to enter must quarantine for at least 14 days, longer if you test positive and facilities are very basic. Those arriving for work may be able to quarantine at a hotel but this should be arranged by your employer in advance. Vietnam is closed to transit passengers. Flights from the UK are very limited.
In the UK the FCDO is advising against all cruise ship travel at sea (the advice excludes river cruising). However UK ports will be open for domestic cruises only from 17 May and cruises will be able to carry a maximum of 1,0000 passengers or 50% capacity, whichever is lower.
In the USA the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) has implemented a conditional sail order. It means that while cruises aren't banned, cruise lines must work with the CDC to resume operations. In the initial phases this will be about protecting crew. In the meantime the CDC still recommends that people avoid cruising, including river cruises, worldwide.
Many destinations are also banning cruise ships from docking and passengers from disembarking, adding extra uncertainty.
Many operators are taking the unilateral decision not to sail, offering full refunds or enhanced credits to be used against a future sailing. Flexible cancellation and rebooking policies are also being implemented.
Here’s the latest news from some of the main cruise companies:
- Celebrity Cruises: sailings departing before 30 June are mostly suspended – there are exceptions which include UK-only itineraries.
- Cunard: Some international sailings on Queen Elizabeth, Queen Victoria and Queen Mary 2 are cancelled, including those in 2022. However, there are alternative voyages available including UK-only cruises on sale. More details and full list of cruises affected here.
- Disney Cruise Line: Departures are cancelled on the following vessels: Disney Dream through to 6 August 2021, Disney Fantasy departures through 28 August 2021, Disney Wonder departures through 19 September 2021 and Disney Magic departures in the US through 4 November 2021. Click here for more.
- Hurtigruten: cruises are very limited and you can find a full list of sailings, statuses and cancelled voyages here.
- MSC: cruises suspended until 30 June 2021 for UK passport holders but are available for Schengen visa holders. However there are some UK-only cruises available on MSC Virtuosa.
- Norwegian: sailings on 12 ships are suspended. Caribbean and Med itineraries are going ahead on five ships, details here.
- P&O: Britannia will begin her planned western Mediterranean itineraries on 25 September 2021 and Iona from the same date, however other sailings are cancelled. You can find a full list of cancelled cruises by ship and cruise number here.
- Princess Cruises: is extending its pause in cruise operations. More details about what is and isn't running available here.
- Royal Caribbean (RCL): Selected cruises from the Caribbean and around the UK are running, however some ships are suspended from service until the end of August 2021. You can find out if your booking is affected and how to get a refund or credit here.
- Saga: ocean cruises are currently suspended with a restart date of 27 June for Spirit of Discovery, and the inaugural cruise of Spirit of Adventure taking place on 26 July 2021. In addition, the Autumn Colours of the USA and Canada cruise onboard Spirt of Discovery departing on 29 September 2021 has been cancelled. too.
- Viking: latest information about what is running and the vaccination policy here.
James D. Morgan/Getty Images
Frequently asked questions
How long before travel between UK and USA will be allowed?
Unfortunately there is no way to know for certain. Keeping in mind that the border with the USA's near neighbour, Canada, is shut to tourists until the 21 July at least, it's impossible to say when there will be a restart on transatlantic travel. There has been no confirmation from either side and dates you might see on social media/online are speculation. As soon as anything is confirmed we will post it here.
I'm transiting, rather than visiting Qatar which is on the Red List. Will I have to quarantine?
Yes, I'm afraid you will have to book a hotel and testing package, as outlined above. Being a UK national rather than a visitor won't exempt you.
Can I transit via the UK?
It is still possible to transit both airside and landside in the UK. You can find more information about the forms needed here.
You can check the official government advice by country at the FCDO's website here,
For more information about your rights, visit the Citizen’s Advice Bureau website.
For help resolving problems with a flight booking, visit the website of the Civil Aviation Authority.
For questions about travel insurance, contact your insurance provider directly and if you are not happy with their response, you can complain to the Financial Ombudsman Service.
Main image: skyNext/Shutterstock
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